Founder & Programmer at HackersFriend Updated Jan. 8, 2020, 10:54 p.m. ⋅ 455 views

Find Length of a Linked List

We can find the length of a linked list by initializing a counter to zero and incrementing it for every node of linked list. We will traverse the linked list from start and go until we reach the end of it. 

linked list

In the above linked list, we can see there are 4 nodes and hence, the legth of this linked list would be 4.

Let's implement the appraoch to calculate the length of a linked list.

using namespace std;

struct node
    int data; // holds the data
    node* next; // hold the pointer to next node

node* add_new_node(node* head, int data)
    // adds new node into the LL in the end
    // takes the pointer to head of LL as arg
    // and the data which is to be added

    // create a new node to add in LL
    node* new_node = new node();
    // pass the data of arg to new node
    new_node->data = data;
    // set the next to null as its last node.
    new_node->next = NULL;

    // set it to point to head of LL
    node *temp = head; 
    // reach the last node
    while(temp->next != NULL)
        temp = temp->next;
    temp->next = new_node;
    return head;

int countNodes(node* head)
    int counter = 0;
   while(head != NULL)
        counter ++;
        head = head->next;
   return counter;

int main()
    node* head = new node();
    head->data = 1;
    head->next = NULL;
    head = add_new_node(head, 2);
    head = add_new_node(head, 3);
    head = add_new_node(head, 4);
    cout<<"Total nodes in LL are "<<countNodes(head)<<endl;
    return 0;
Total nodes in LL are 4


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